Structure of the platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb. Homology to the alpha subunits of the vitronectin and fibronectin membrane receptors

M Poncz, R Eisman, R Heidenreich, S M Silver, G Vilaire, S Surrey, E Schwartz, J S Bennett
1987 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb X IIIa heterodimer complex (GPIIb X IIIa) is the platelet receptor for adhesive proteins, containing binding sites for fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and fibronectin on activated platelets. GPIIb X IIIa also appears to be a member of a family of membrane adhesive protein receptors that plays a major role in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. GPIb is the larger component of this platelet receptor and is composed of two disulfide-linked subunits. In
more » ... this report we describe the analysis of cDNA clones for human GPIIb that were isolated from a lambda gt11 expression library prepared using RNA from HEL cells. A total of 3.3 kilobases of cDNA was sequence, revealing a continuous open reading frame encoding both GPIIb subunits. The cDNA encodes 1039 amino acids: 137 constituting the smaller subunit, 871 constituting the larger subunit, and 30 constituting an NH2-terminal signal peptide. No homology was found between the larger and smaller subunits. The smaller subunit contains a 26-residue hydrophobic sequence near its COOH terminus that represents a potential transmembrane domain. Four stretches of 12 amino acids present in the larger subunit are homologous to the calcium binding sites of calmodulin and troponin C. Northern blot analysis using HEL cell RNA indicated that the mature mRNA coding for GPIIb is 4.1 kilobases in size. A comparison of the GPIIb coding region with available cDNA sequences of the alpha-chains of the vitronectin and fibronectin receptors revealed 41% DNA homology and 74% and 63% amino acid homology, respectively. Our data establish the amino acid sequence for the human platelet glycoprotein IIb and provide additional evidence for the existence of a family of cellular adhesion protein receptors.
pmid:2439501 fatcat:hfygvodcqrahdko3r7bfp6yosq