An overview on biofuel and biochemical production by photosynthetic microorganisms with understanding of the metabolism and by metabolic engineering together with efficient cultivation and downstream processing
Bioresources and Bioprocessing
Biofuel and biochemical production by photosynthetic microorganisms such as cyanobacteria and algae is attractive to improve energy security and to reduce CO 2 emission, contributing to the environmental problems such as global warming. Although biofuel production by photosynthetic microorganisms is called as the third generation biofuels, and significant innovation is necessary for the feasibility in practice, these fuels are attractive due to renewable and potentially carbon neutral
... Moreover, photosynthetic microorganisms are attractive since they can grow on non-arable land and utilize saline and wastewater streams. Highly versatile and genetically tractable photosynthetic microorganisms need to capture solar energy and convert atmospheric and waste CO 2 to high-energy chemical products. Understanding of the metabolism and the efficient metabolic engineering of the photosynthetic organisms together with cultivation and separation processes as well as increased CO 2 assimilation enables the enhancement of the feasibility of biofuel and biochemical production.