Internality, controllability, and the effectiveness of attributional interpretations in counseling

Nancy L. Forsyth, Donelson R. Forsyth
1982 Journal of Counseling Psychology  
An attributional approach to counseling was investigated in two separate studies. In Experiment 1 the theoretical basis for the use of attributional interpretations was tested by giving individuals who had just received a negative social evaluation no information or information that stressed one of four types of causes: internal/controllable, internal/uncontrollable, external/controllable, and external/uncontrollable. Results indicated that stressing internal/ controllable causes produced more
more » ... ositive affective reactions and performance evaluations among internal locus of control respondents, whereas e\-\ ternals were more variable in their responses. Experiment 2 assessed the generalizability of these findings by administering causal counseling to individuals who identified themselves as interpersonally anxious. Utilizing a quasicounseling design, participants were exposed to one of two interpretations emphasizing internal control or coping. The results of Experiment 2 confirmed initial conclusions that the effectiveness of causal counseling may depend on the individual's locus of control.
doi:10.1037//0022-0167.29.2.140 fatcat:b7yxo5bxhjfflcldw2whzcj6n4