Gene Expression Response of the Non-target Gastropod Physella Acuta to Fenoxycarb, a Juvenile Hormone Analog Pesticide [post]

Patricia Caballero, Marina Prieto-Amador, Jose-Luis Martinez-Guitarte
2021 unpublished
Nowadays, pesticides are an environmental problem because they can act on non-target species. Therefore, the search for new pest control methods has focused on compounds with low or no toxic effects. Analogs of the juvenile hormone are one such group of pesticides since they work by interfering in the endocrine system of arthropods. However, the lack of effect on non-target species is frequently assumed, and it requires confirmation. This article analyzes the impact of Fenoxycarb, an analog of
more » ... uvenile hormone, on Physella acuta, an aquatic gastropod. Animals exposed for one week to 0.01, 1, and 100 μg/L were used to obtain RNA and perform retrotranscription and real-time PCR. Forty genes related to the endocrine system, the DNA repair mechanisms, the different phases of detoxification, oxidative stress, the stress response, the nervous system, hypoxia, energy metabolism, the immune system, and apoptosis were analyzed. Three of the genes, AchE, Hsp17.9, and ApA, showed responses to the presence of Fenoxycarb at 1 μg/L, with no statistically significant responses in the rest of the genes and at the remaining concentrations. From the results it can be concluded that Fenoxycarb shows low toxicity in Physella acuta. However, the fact that a gene related to immunity was altered prevents any conclusions in relation to the putative long-term effects that this juvenile hormone analog could have. Therefore, additional research would be necessary to confirm the safety of Fenoxycarb in non-arthropod species.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:4gojwp4nmzbozdkztbcfe32hbq