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One of the toughest biometrics and document forensics problems is confirming a signature's authenticity and legal identity. A forgery may vary from a genuine signature by specific distortions. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously monitor crucial distinctions between real and forged signatures for secure work and economic growth, but this is particularly difficult in writer-independent tasks. We thus propose an innovative and sustainable writer-independent approach based on a Siamesedoi:10.3390/su141811484 fatcat:sqdviur6mvex7hvyhbeugwfh5i