Regime identification of slurry transport in pipelines: A novel modelling approach using ANN & differential evolution

Sandip Lahiri, K.C. Ghanta
2010 Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly  
An attempt has been made in the present study to develop a generalized slurry flow model using CFD and utilize the model to predict concentration profile. The purpose of the CFD model is to gain better insight into the solid liquid slurry flow in pipelines. Initially a three-dimensional model problem was developed to understand the influence of the particle drag coefficient on the solid concentration profile. The preliminary simulations highlighted the need for correct modelling of the inter
more » ... ing of the inter phase drag force. The various drag correlations available in the literature were incorporated into a two-fluid model (Euler-Euler) along with the standard k-ε turbulence model with mixture properties to simulate the turbulent solid-liquid flow in a pipeline. The computational model was mapped on to a commercial CFD solver FLUENT6.2 (of Fluent Inc., USA). To push the envelope of applicability of the simulation, recent data from Kaushal (2005) (with solid concentration up to 50%) was selected to validate the three dimensional simulations. The experimental data consisted of water-glass bead slurry at 125 and 440-micron particle with different flow velocity (from 1 to 5 m/s) and overall concentration up to 10 to 50% by volume. The predicted pressure drop and concentration profile were validated by experimental data and showed excellent agreement. Interesting findings came out from the parametric study of velocity and concentration profiles. The computational model and results discussed in this work would be useful for extending the applications of CFD models for simulating large slurry pipelines.
doi:10.2298/ciceq091030034l fatcat:ymz7sdgo2jba5pp6widmdaijnm