Deletion of the Prdm3 Gene Causes a Neuronal Differentiation Deficiency in P19 Cells

Paweł Leszczyński, Magdalena Śmiech, Aamir Salam Teeli, Effi Haque, Robert Viger, Hidesato Ogawa, Mariusz Pierzchała, Hiroaki Taniguchi
2020 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
PRDM (PRDI-BF1 (positive regulatory domain I-binding factor 1) and RIZ1 (retinoblastoma protein-interacting zinc finger gene 1) homologous domain-containing) transcription factors are a group of proteins that have a significant impact on organ development. In our study, we assessed the role of Prdm3 in neurogenesis and the mechanisms regulating its expression. We found that Prdm3 mRNA expression was induced during neurogenesis and that Prdm3 gene knockout caused premature neuronal
more » ... n of the P19 cells and enhanced the growth of non-neuronal cells. Interestingly, we found that Gata6 expression was also significantly upregulated during neurogenesis. We further studied the regulatory mechanism of Prdm3 expression. To determine the role of GATA6 in the regulation of Prdm3 mRNA expression, we used a luciferase-based reporter assay and found that Gata6 overexpression significantly increased the activity of the Prdm3 promoter. Finally, the combination of retinoic acid receptors α and β, along with Gata6 overexpression, further increased the activity of the luciferase reporter. Taken together, our results suggest that in the P19 cells, PRDM3 contributed to neurogenesis and its expression was stimulated by the synergism between GATA6 and the retinoic acid signaling pathway.
doi:10.3390/ijms21197192 pmid:33003409 fatcat:7rkkxpes2vdhhcxnwoxtcfiq2a