Semantic tagging of and semantic enhancements to systematics papers: ZooKeys working examples

Lyubomir Penev, Donat Agosti, Teodor Georgiev, Terry Catapano, Jeremy Miller, Vladimir Blagoderov, David Roberts, Vincent Smith, Irina Brake, Simon Ryrcroft, Ben Scott, Norman Johnson (+11 others)
2010 ZooKeys  
WJ, Th ompson FC, Erwin T (2010) Semantic tagging of and semantic enhancements to systematics papers: ZooKeys working examples. ZooKeys 50: 1-16. Abstract Th e concept of semantic tagging and its potential for semantic enhancements to taxonomic papers is outlined and illustrated by four exemplar papers published in the present issue of ZooKeys. Th e four papers were created in diff erent ways: (i) written in Microsoft Word and submitted as non-tagged manuscript (doi: 10.3897/zookeys.50.504);
more » ... ) generated from Scratchpads and submitted as XMLtagged manuscripts (doi: 10.3897/zookeys.50.505 and doi: 10.3897/zookeys.50.506); (iii) generated from an author's database (doi: 10.3897/zookeys.50.485) and submitted as XML-tagged manuscript. XML tagging and semantic enhancements were implemented during the editorial process of ZooKeys using the Pensoft Mark Up Tool (PMT), specially designed for this purpose. Th e XML schema used was TaxPub, an extension to the Document Type Defi nitions (DTD) of the US National Library of Medicine Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite (NLM). Th e following innovative methods of tagging, layout, A peer-reviewed open-access journal FORUM PAPER Lyubomir Penev et al. / ZooKeys 50: 1-16 (2010) 2 publishing and disseminating the content were tested and implemented within the ZooKeys editorial workfl ow: (1) highly automated, fi ne-grained XML tagging based on TaxPub; (2) fi nal XML output of the paper validated against the NLM DTD for archiving in PubMedCentral; (3) bibliographic metadata embedded in the PDF through XMP (Extensible Metadata Platform); (4) PDF uploaded after publication to the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL); (5) taxon treatments supplied through XML to Plazi; (6) semantically enhanced HTML version of the paper encompassing numerous internal and external links and linkouts, such as: (i) vizualisation of main tag elements within the text (e.g., taxon names, taxon treatments, localities, etc.); (ii) internal cross-linking between paper sections, citations, references, tables, and fi gures; (iii) mapping of localities listed in the whole paper or within separate taxon treatments; (v) taxon names autotagged, dynamically mapped and linked through the Pensoft Taxon Profi le (PTP) to large international database services and indexers such as Global and others; (vi) GenBank accession numbers autotagged and linked to NCBI; (vii) external links of taxon names to references in PubMed, Google Scholar, Biodiversity Heritage Library and other sources. With the launching of the working example, ZooKeys becomes the fi rst taxonomic journal to provide a complete XML-based editorial, publication and dissemination workfl ow implemented as a routine and cost-effi cient practice. It is anticipated that XML-based workfl ow will also soon be implemented in botany through PhytoKeys, a forthcoming partner journal of ZooKeys. Th e semantic markup and enhancements are expected to greatly extend and accelerate the way taxonomic information is published, disseminated and used.
doi:10.3897/zookeys.50.538 pmid:21594113 pmcid:PMC3088020 fatcat:j5snxmi2qbbfll77jdon2hluce