Ability of a Nondepleting Anti-CD4 Antibody to Inhibit Th2 Responses and Allergic Lung Inflammation Is Independent of Coreceptor Function

Li Li, Mary Crowley, Andrea Nguyen, David Lo
1999 Journal of Immunology  
Nondepleting anti-CD4 Abs have been used in vivo to induce Ag-specific immunological tolerance in Th1 responses, including tissue allograft rejection and autoimmune diabetes. To examine whether this Ab (YTS177.9) acts by provoking a Th2 shift, we tested the effect in a mouse model of allergic lung inflammation. Interestingly, nondepleting anti-CD4 treatment induces tolerance to allergens as well, especially when given during initial priming. In vitro studies indicate that the effect of the Ab
more » ... independent of CD4 coreceptor function, as Ab treatment also inhibits proliferation and induces a persistent anergy in naive CD4 T cells stimulated by anti-CD3/CD28. Moreover, the Ab stimulated a distinct pattern of tyrosine phosphorylation in T cells even in the absence of TCR triggering, suggesting that signaling through CD4 alone induces significant physiological changes in T cell function. These results show that tolerance induced by anti-CD4 triggering is not a simple shift in Th1/Th2 effector function or depletion of Ag-specific cells, but may instead induce a persistent clonal anergy capable of blocking subsequent immunity.
doi:10.4049/jimmunol.163.12.6557 fatcat:4dj6qjijhrcb5kuaawcb7vkwqu