Characteristics of Fruit Quality of Peach Cultivars and Hybrids in the Steppe Crimea

Tatyana Latsko
2016 Journal of Food Science and Engineering  
The study of peach fruit quality and biochemical composition of cultivars and hybrids were conducted in terms of the steppe zone of Crimea. A total of 40 cultivars and hybrids from five periods of ripening were analyzed for content of basic biochemical components: solids, sugars, acids, polyphenolic compounds and vitamin C. The main fruit quality parameters: the size, the attractive appearance, the consistency flesh, the stone adherence to flesh, taste and others have been evaluated. As a
more » ... aluated. As a result of studies peach cultivars with a high content of sugar in the fruit under the steppe Crimea have highlighted: Kremlyovskiy (13.6), Regina (13.2), Velvet (12.9), hybrids C7/38 (13.1) and C4/57 (12.9). Cultivars and hybrids of peach 10607, C1/227 C7/38, C7/6, C8/162, С4/147, C16/87, C4/64, Early Red Haven, Miorita, 7/221, Kremlyovskiy, 10848 are characterized by the best biochemical and morphological indices of fruits. They are recommended for State cultivar testing or use in breeding work to improve the quality of peach fruits.
doi:10.17265/2159-5828/2016.06.004 fatcat:wuam2sjwzvektcgr4z6tt4w2uy