Does an outcome-based approach to continuing medical education improve physicians' competences in rational prescribing?

Hamideh M. Esmaily, Carl Savage, Rezagoli Vahidi, Abolghasem Amini, Saeed Dastgiri, Hakan Hult, Lars Owe Dahlgren, Rolf Wahlstrom
2009 Medical Teacher  
Continuing medical education (CME) is compulsory in Iran, and traditionally it is lecture-based, which is mostly not successful. Outcome-based education has been proposed for CME programs. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of an outcome-based educational intervention with a new approach based on outcomes and aligned teaching methods, on knowledge and skills of general physicians (GPs) working in primary care compared with a concurrent CME program in the field of "Rational prescribing". Method:
more » ... The method used was cluster randomized controlled design. All GPs working in six cities in one province in Iran were invited to participate. The cities were matched and randomly divided into an intervention arm for education on rational prescribing with an outcome-based approach, and a control arm for a traditional program on the same topic. Knowledge and skills were assessed using a pre-and post-test, including case scenarios. Results: In total, 112 GPs participated. There were significant improvements in knowledge and prescribing skills after the training in the intervention arm as well as in comparison with the changes in the control arm. The overall intervention effect was 26 percentage units. Conclusion: The introduction of an outcome-based approach in CME appears to be effective when creating programs to improve GPs' knowledge and skills.
doi:10.3109/01421590902803096 pmid:19909027 fatcat:vm7g2ipbzbagjhvihhkea6ytba