Stability investigation of road cut slope in basaltic rockmass, Mahabaleshwar, India

Ashutosh Kainthola, P.K. Singh, T.N. Singh
2015 Geoscience Frontiers  
Slope failures along hill cut road slopes are the major nuisance for commuters and highway planners as they put the human lives at huge risk, coupled with immense monetary losses. Analysis of these vulnerable cut slopes entails the assessment and estimation of the suitable material strength input parameters to be used in the numerical models to accomplish a holistic stability examination. For the present study a 60 m high, basaltic and lateritic road cut hill slope in Mahabaleshwar, India, has
more » ... eshwar, India, has been considered. A number of samples of both basalt and laterite, in their natural state were tested in the laboratory and the evaluated maximum, minimum and mean strength parameters were employed for the three cases in a distinct element numerical model. The Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion has been incorporated in the numerical model for the material as well as the joints. The numerical investigation offered the factor of safety and insights into the probable deformational mechanism for the three cases. Beside, several critical parameters have also been judged from the study viz., mode of failure, factor of safety, shear strain rate, displacement magnitudes etc. The result of this analysis shows that the studied section is prone to recurrent failures due to the capping of a substantially thick layer of weaker lateritic material above the high strength basaltic rock mass. External triggering mechanisms like heavy precipitation and earthquake may also accelerate the slope failure in this area. The study also suggests employing instant preventive measures to avert the further risk of damage.
doi:10.1016/j.gsf.2014.03.002 fatcat:ctxemv5edrf5lp5enwixo2nzty