Conditions of the Implementation of Selected Early Prevention Behaviours by High School Students from Radom
Physical Culture and Sport: Studies and Research
The specific type of human activities that aim to maintain full health by maintaining biological, psychological and social comfort indicate the need to adopt a holistic perspective in any analysis of determinants of pro-health behaviour. When analysing the aetiology of somatic diseases, it is important to take into account biological and mental well-being as well as the connections between needs, interests and lifestyle decisions and their consequences. One of the measures used to reduce the
... ed to reduce the risk of a progressive lack of immunity to non-infectious diseases is prevention, understood as actions aimed at preventing diseases or other adverse health phenomena by controlling their causes and risk factors. An important component of prevention programmes is preventing the occurrence of negative social behaviour patterns that contribute to the increased risk of diseases. Three basic components of a healthy lifestyle – regular physical activity, proper nutrition and sufficient rest and relaxation (stress management) – justify the importance of practising healthy habits from an early age. The role of promoting pro-health behaviours among children and adolescents is of particular importance in the context of increasingly sedentary lifestyles, obesity and weight problems. The aim of this study is to analyse the determinants of physical activity and a balanced diet in the lifestyle of high school students in Radom aged 16-19. The study was conducted in 2013 at VII Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński High School in Radom and involved 140 students. The results of the study indicate that only one-third of respondents fulfilled the requirements for minimal physical activity for their subjective and objective needs of this phase of ontogenetic development, such as being in the company of their peers, spending time in open air and taking care of their physical fitness. Unfortunately, the majority of the parents of the surveyed high school students, who were at the time about 40 years old, did not engage in any systematic physical activity. In other words, the family environment of the studied young people did not promote patterns of physical activity. Similarly, healthy nutrition in the study group was lacking. Both the boys and girls ate around five meals a day, but many respondents snacked between meals on sweets and crisps. The majority of students drank water. The vast majority of them ate their meals at home, ensuring that their meals were freshly prepared and not pre-cooked. Although school children prefer to spend time with their peers, the family is still a point of reference in terms of values and ways of spending free time. The authors of this paper must take into account the minimal impact of the family on choices regarding physical activity. The studied group of high school students demonstrated a lack of preventive care for their health and did not have a well-established systematic approach to physical activity and healthy eating habits.