The Potentiation of Estrogen on Insulin-like Growth Factor I Action in MCF-7 Human Breast Cancer Cells Includes Cell Cycle Components

Joelle Dupont, Michael Karas, Derek LeRoith
2000 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
To gain insight into the mechanisms involved in the cross-talk between IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and estrogen receptor signaling pathways, we used MCF-7-derived cells (SX13), which exhibit a 50% reduction in IGF-1R expression. Growth of NEO cells (control MCF-7 cells) was stimulated by both IGF-1 and estradiol (E2), and the addition of both mitogens resulted in a synergistic response. Estrogen enhanced IGF-1R signaling in NEO cells, but this effect was markedly diminished in SX13 cells. Estrogen
more » ... 13 cells. Estrogen was also able to potentiate the IGF-1 effect on the expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin E and on the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein in control but not in SX13 cells. IGF-1 increased the protein level of p21 and the luciferase activity of the p21 promoter, whereas it only reduced the protein level of p27 without affecting p27 promoter activity. Estrogen did not affect the p21 inhibitor, but it decreased the protein level of p27 and the p27 promoter luciferase activity. These effects of both mitogens were also observed at the level of association of both cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors with CDK2 suggesting that IGF-1 and E2 affect the activity of both p21 and p27. Taken together, these data suggest that in MCF-7 cells, estrogen potentiates the IGF-1 effect on IGF-1R signaling as well as on the cell cycle components. Moreover, IGF-1 and E2 regulate the expression of p21 and p27 and their association with CDK2 differently.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m006741200 pmid:10967123 fatcat:adi4od5ujnchjlvcuwr6czbg6y