Ethnic Polarisation in an Ethnically Homogeneous Town
Czech Sociological Review
The study analyses ethnic relations and ethnic identity based on the example of Bratislava in the 20th century. The obtained ethnological material allows the author to conclude that the change of political system had affected the ethnic structure of the studied town. This was due to the migration of population as well as to elements of social engineering, which accompanied practically any change of the regime, but also due to so-called 'migration on the spot', i.e. a declared adjustment to
... ical winners. In the first half of the past century, Bratislava was a tri-lingual city located at the borders of (Czecho)Slovakia, Hungary and Austria. After WWII, the city changed (at least statistically) into an ethnically homogenous environment, in which the Slovak ethnic group made up more than 90 percent of the whole population. In spite of this, the individual's identity and relations among citizens continued to be influenced by their ethnic affiliation. Its significance was already manifested during the first days of November 1989, but particularly in the following years. The identification with an ethnic group again became a differentiating factor (or even a polarising one) in urban population. It seems that ethnicity is likely to affect the character of the studied town in the nearest future too.