Reinforcement Teaching [article]

Alex Lewandowski, Calarina Muslimani, Dale Schuurmans, Matthew E. Taylor, Jun Luo
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Meta-learning strives to learn about and improve a student's machine learning algorithm. However, existing meta-learning methods either only work with differentiable algorithms or are hand-crafted to improve one specific component of an algorithm. We develop a unifying meta-learning framework, called Reinforcement Teaching, to improve the learning process of any algorithm. Under Reinforcement Teaching, a teaching policy is learned, through reinforcement, to improve a student's learning. To
more » ... tively learn such a teaching policy, we introduce a parametric-behavior embedder that learns a representation of the student's learnable parameters from its input/output behavior. Further, we use learning progress to shape the teacher's reward, allowing it to more quickly maximize the student's performance. To demonstrate the generality of Reinforcement Teaching, we conduct experiments where a teacher learns to significantly improve both reinforcement and supervised learning algorithms, outperforming hand-crafted heuristics and previously proposed parameter representations. Results show that Reinforcement Teaching is capable of not only unifying different meta-learning approaches, but also effectively leveraging existing tools from reinforcement learning research.
arXiv:2204.11897v2 fatcat:c2226jnpmfhvvjh25d3jyuseqy