Field Therapy in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Are We Initiating Early Enough?

Christina Topham, Dylan Haynes, R. Samuel Hopkins, Justin Leitenberger
2020 Journal of Drugs in Dermatology  
Organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are at increased risk for more aggressive non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Recent emphasis on field therapy has complimented the canonical surgical treatment paradigm. This retrospective analysis of survey responses by patients seen at Oregon Health and Science University from 2013-2018 offers insights into patient trends and practice gaps in caring for OTRs. All patients completed a 57-point questionnaire at their first clinic visit, which included questions
more » ... egarding demographics, transplant history, dermatologic history, and use of field therapy. Of the 295 patients (mean age, 56 years; M/F: 193/102) who completed the questionnaire, field therapy was reported by 31 (11%) patients. Field therapy patients noted an overall higher AK and SCC burden, with a greater proportion of patients reporting >20 AKs and >10 SCCs. Field therapy use was sparse in the low AK/low SCC group (n=25) when compared to those reporting high AK/high SCC (n=11) burden (n=4 (16%) vs n=8 (73%), P<0.01). This data suggests that OTRs with several clinically evident AKs and/or a low number of SCCs are less likely to have been treated with field therapy modalities compared to OTRs who have developed >10 AKs or ≥6 SCCs. A delay in initiation of preventative measures or field therapy in this population, however, may be a missed opportunity for intervention. Early intervention with field therapy in particularly high-risk OTRs with a low skin cancer burden may mitigate future skin cancer development.
doi:10.36849/jdd.2020.4759 fatcat:dovduvab6bdjlmnker2dikjmoa