Operation of natural gas and electricity networks with line pack
Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
This paper addresses the coordinated operation of the electricity and natural gas networks considering the line pack flexibility in the natural gas pipelines. The problem is formulated as a mixed integer linear programming problem. The objective is to minimize the operation cost of the electricity and natural gas networks considering the price of the natural gas supply. Benders decomposition is used to solve the formulated problem. The master problem minimizes the startup and shutdown costs as
... ell as the operation cost of the thermal units other than the gasfired generation units in the electricity network. The first subproblem validates the feasibility of the decisions made in the master problem in the electricity network. And if there is any violation, feasibility Benders cut is generated and added to the master problem. The second subproblem ensures the feasibility of the decisions of the master problem in the natural gas transportation network considering the line pack constraints. The last subproblem ensures the optimality of the natural gas network operation problem considering the demand of the gas-fired generation units and line pack. The nonlinear line pack and flow constraints in the feasibility and optimality subproblems of natural gas transportation network are linearized using Newton-Raphson technique. The presented case study shows the effectiveness of the proposed approach. It is shown that leveraging the stored gas in the natural gas pipelines would further reduce the total operation cost. The problem formulation is shown in (1)-(49). The short-term operation problem in the bulk power network is presented as UC and ED problems. As the electricity network is coupled with the natural gas network, the proposed problem should further capture the natural gas transmission network constraints. The objective function (1) minimizes the operation cost of the electricity and natural gas transportation networks.