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Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Information-rich environments are the open environments that characterize most of the modern applications of computing technology. The applications include ubiquitous information access, electronic commerce, virtual enterprises, logistics, and sensor integration, to name but a few. These applications di er from conventional database applications not only in the nature and variety of information they involve, but also in including a signi cant component that is beyond the information system perdoi:10.1007/bfb0053676 fatcat:pvd6ocvyxnde5k2khw2ciaql3m