Expression of Aquaporin 1 and 5 and Their Regulation by Ovarian Hormones, Arachidonic Acid, Forskolin and cAMP During Implantation in Pigs
Aquaporin proteins (AQPs) are a family of channels expressed in numerous mammalian tissues, where they play a fundamental role in regulating water transport across cell membranes. Based on reports that AQPs are present in the reproductive system and participate in reproductive processes, our aim was to investigate the effect of progesterone (P4), estradiol (E2), oxytocin (OT), arachidonic acid (AA), forskolin (FSK) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) on AQP1 and AQP5 expression at mRNA
... pression at mRNA and protein levels in porcine uterine explants from Days 14-16 of gestation in order to determine if they play a role in implantation period in pigs. Quantitative real time PCR and Western-blot analysis revealed that the uterine explants treated with FSK and cAMP produce delayed, but long-term effects on AQP1 abundance (24 h) while AQP5 had a rapid and sustained response to FSK and cAMP in protein content (3 and 24 h). AA increases gene and protein content of AQP1 after longer exposition whereas AQP5 increases after 3 h only at the protein level. Both AQPs potentially remains under control of steroid hormones. OT has been shown to increase AQP1, and decrease AQP5 mRNA, without visible changes in protein content. P4, E2, AA, FSK and cAMP caused the appearance of AQP5 expression in the basolateral plasma membrane of the epithelial cells. The staining represents most likely AQP5 functioning mechanism for both absorption and reabsorption across the glandular epithelium.