Women's Knowledge Regarding Screening Mammography at Oncology Teaching Hospital in Baghdad City
IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science
Mammography screening is a protection measure for women aged 40 year and above and who have risk factors from breast cancer, early detection and diagnosis to facilitate treatment and cure. Objectives: To assess women's knowledge related to mammography screening, and to find out the relationship between women's knowledge toward screening mammography and studied variables. Methodology: Descriptive analytical design was conducted in the Oncology Teaching Hospital / Medical City during November
... during November 12th, 2015 to 10 August 2016. The Sample: A purposive sample was selected from the (150) women who attended for mammography screening. A Questionnaire designed by researcher to measure the variable underlying the present study, the questionnaire consisted of two parts: General characteristics, reproductive health characteristics, past family history, while the second part contains the women's knowledge. Validity and Reliability: Validity of the instrument was established through a panel of (16) experts, and reliability by calculating the alpha correlation coefficient. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical procedure for data analysis. Result: : Results of the study revealed that 69 (40.0%) of women their age ranged between (40-49) years, 34 (22.7%) graduates of the primary school, 80 (78.7%) were married and 126 (84.0%) of women are living in nucleus families, and 107 (71.3) of the women who attended for mammography housewives , and 56 (37.3%) of the sample of the study participants mentioned that the monthly income is not enough to 123 (82.0%) of the sample their age of (menarche) was ranged between 10-14 years old. 84 (56.0%) of the study sample were ranging their menstrual cycle between 4-6 days on a regular basis and 74 (49.4%) had dysmenorrhea during the menstrual cycle 80 (55.3%) of women suffer from the disorder of the menstrual cycle, which implement investigate and attend to visit doctor 67 (44.7%) of the women their age of married was ranged between (21-30) years, as well as they had (1-4) children 74 (49.4%) and 80 (53.3 %) of them did not suffered from abortions, in addition to the 96 (64.0%) did not use hormonal family planning, and 85 (56.7%) of women have problems with breast previous mass fibrosis secretions and changes in shape, size and color of breast as well as 104 (69.0%) women did not monthly breast self-examination, women's knowledge of study sample in all item have had moderate mean of score except the item number (6,7) : (Mammography can decrease mortality rate of breast cancer women needs mammography periodically) have low mean of score. Conclusion: The results show the highest percentages is for moderate score concerning women's knowledge about mammography screening and the low score for women knowledge about number of time to screening mammography and mammography screening decrease mortality rate. Recommendations: Based on the results of the study, the researcher recommends the following: 1. Spreading health awareness between women through seminars and mass media about the importance of protection and early detection of breast cancer. 2. Starting the routinely schedule of screening of breast cancer and clarifying number of screening and doctor visit for women aged 40 year and above and for women with risk factor for breast cancer even if they are under age 40 year. 3. Encouraging women to monthly self-examination of the breasts, it's very important step to protect from breast cancer because woman can feel and note the changes that happen to breasts, and can tell doctor about that to start screening and investigations.