High-Efficiency Production of the Bisabolene from Waste Cooking Oil By Metabolically Engineered Yarrowia Lipolytica [post]

Yakun Zhao, Kun Zhu, Jian Li, Yu Zhao, Shenglong Li, Cuiying Zhang, Dongguang Xiao, Aiqun Yu
2020 unpublished
Background: The natural plant product bisabolene serves as a precursor for the production of a wide range of industrially relevant chemicals. However, the low abundance of bisabolene in plants renders their isolation from plant sources economically inviable. Therefore, creation of microbial cell factories for bisabolene production supported by synthetic biology and metabolic engineering strategies presents a more competitive and environmentally sustainable method for industrial production of
more » ... abolene.Results: In this proof-of-principle study, for the first time, we engineered the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica to produce α-bisabolene, β-bisabolene and γ-bisabolene through heterologous expression of the α-bisabolene synthase from Abies grandis, the β-bisabolene synthase gene from Zingiber officinale and the γ-bisabolene synthase gene from Helianthus annuus, respectively. Subsequently, metabolic engineering approaches, including overexpression of the endogenous mevalonate pathway genes and introduction of heterologous multidrug efflux transporters, were employed to improve bisabolene production. Furthermore, the fermentation conditions were optimized to maximize de novo bisabolene production by the engineered Y. lipolytica strains from glucose. Our engineering strategies have led to engineered Y. lipolytica strains that produce 282.6 mg/L α-bisabolene, 48.3 mg/L β-bisabolene and 5.3 mg/L γ-bisabolene. Finally, we explored the potential of the engineered Y. lipolytica strains for bisabolene production from waste cooking oil. The results showed that α-bisabolene, β-bisabolene and γ-bisabolene could be produced at the respective titers of 973.0 mg/L, 68.2 mg/L, 20.2 mg/L in shake flasks. These titers correspond to 2433-fold, 340-fold and 404-fold enhancement in bisabolene production, respectively, over the parent strain.Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first report of bisabolene production in Y. lipolytica. These findings provide valuable insights into the engineering of Y. lipolytica for higher-level production of bisabolene and its utilization in converting waste cooking oil into various industrially valuable products.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-71409/v1 fatcat:7kmcoy553vhybbx37jo5v3fkgi