Comparison of biological effects of non-nucleoside DNA methylation inhibitors versus 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine

J. C. Chuang
2005 Molecular Cancer Therapeutics  
DNA cytosine methylation plays a considerable role in normal development, gene regulation, and carcinogenesis. Hypermethylation of the promoters of some tumor suppressor genes and the associated silencing of these genes often occur in certain cancer types. The reversal of this process by DNA methylation inhibitors is a promising new strategy for cancer therapy. In addition to the four wellcharacterized nucleoside analogue methylation inhibitors, 5-azacytidine, 5-aza-2V -deoxycytidine
more » ... cytidine (5-Aza-CdR), 5fluoro-2V -deoxycytidine, and zebularine, there is a growing list of non-nucleoside inhibitors. However, a systemic study comparing these potential demethylating agents has not been done. In this study, we examined three non-nucleoside demethylating agents, (À)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate, hydralazine, and procainamide, and compared their effects and potencies with 5-Aza-CdR, the most potent DNA methylation inhibitor. We found that 5-Aza-CdR is far more effective in DNA methylation inhibition as well as in reactivating genes, compared with non-nucleoside inhibitors. [Mol Cancer Ther
doi:10.1158/1535-7163.mct-05-0172 pmid:16227400 fatcat:7tuaz4mcdze3lezd4vl23dbzcm