A transcriptional inhibitor induced in human melanoma cells upon ultraviolet irradiation
Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Nuclear proteins from human melanoma cells exhibit strong binding activity to the UV response element (TGACAACA); however, this binding is inhibited following UV-C irradiation. In contrast, the binding of nuclear proteins from rodent fibroblasts and human keratinocytes to the UV-responsive element is initially weak and increases significantly upon UV irradiation. The addition of nuclear proteins from UV-irradiated melanoma cells to those prepared from nonirradiated cells inhibited the binding
... bited the binding to the UV-responsive element in a concentration-dependent manner. Fast protein liquid chromatographic analysis of nuclear proteins from UV-irradiated melanoma cells revealed 12 and 14 kilodalton proteins within a fraction which also contained the inhibitory activity. The inhibitor blocks the binding of proteins to three other target sequences, AP1, CREB, and PEBP2, as well as the in vitro transcription of SV40 promoter sequences. The inhibitor was also found in UV-irradiated melanocytes, suggesting that it is tissue specific. The induction of a transcriptional inhibitor in response to UV irradiation represents a regulatory event that may play an important role in the transcriptional response of both normal and malignant melanocytes to UV irradiation.