From health emergency preparedness to response action: a long journey in Lebanon

Alissar Rady, Iman Shankiti, Richard Brennan, Ahmed Mandil
2020 Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal  
Emergency preparedness is a critical pillar of the International Health Regulations (IHR), a legally binding instrument underlying the global health security regime that came into effect in 2005. Lebanon, a small country of 10 452 km2 bordering the eastern Mediterranean, ratified the IHR in 2007 after the devasting effects of a sudden military conflict in 2006 that severely impacted the recovering health system. Moreover, the Lebanese health system infrastructure was only just recovering from
more » ... t recovering from 15 years of civil war that ended in 1990. Since 2005, the country has also faced a complex refugee crisis potentiating the risk of disease outbreaks since 2011, in addition to a severe financial crisis that has degenerated into social unrest since October 2019, and more recently the COVID-19 pandemic since February 2020.
doi:10.26719/2020.26.8.870 pmid:32896877 fatcat:7nj3dcny3fge3l5c6xwywfamze