Identifying Precursors to Borderline Personality Disorder Among Maltreated Youth
This study used the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN) data (N = 1281) to investigate whether maltreated children demonstrated greater vulnerability to developing Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) in adulthood through expression of potential precursors to the disorder. The 11 dimensions assessed were conceptualized by Rogosch and Cicchetti (2005) to comprise the BPD precursors composite score, and include: relational aggression, dislike by peers, negative
... egative self-perception, suicidal ideation, lability and dysregulated negative affect, poor effortful control, upsetting/demanding behavior, conflicted relationships, negative perceptions of peers, self-harm, and preoccupation with mother. Maltreated children had higher mean BPD precursors composite scores than nonmaltreated children. Physical abuse and neglect were associated with higher BPD precursors composite scores, and males had higher scores than females. Implications of these findings on understanding the etiology of personality disorders, early intervention for BPD, and directions for future research are discussed. iii BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH This paper was written by Diane Wach, MSEd, LPC doctoral student in Human Development at Cornell University. Diane is a Research Support Specialist at the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect (NDACAN) in the Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research (BCTR) at Cornell University. She has worked as a psychotherapist diagnosing and treating diverse populations of clients in a wide-range of clinical settings. She worked with clients coping with stressors along a continuum from daily hassles, to clinical disorders, to trauma -including the September 11 th attacks and the Washington, DC sniper incident. Her clinical expertise is in the areas of child maltreatment, crisis intervention, suicide intervention, trauma disorders, stress, and personality disorders. Diane's research is inspired by her clinical experience.