Tightly Secure Lossy Trapdoor Functions: Constructions and Applications

Baodong Qin
2019 Security and Communication Networks  
Lossy trapdoor functions (LTFs), introduced by Peiker and Waters in STOC'08, are functions that may be working in another injective mode or a lossy mode. Given such a function key, it is impossible to distinguish an injective key from a lossy key for any (probabilistic) polynomial-time adversary. This paper studies lossy trapdoor functions with tight security. First, we give a formal definition for tightly secure LTFs. Loosely speaking, a collection of LTFs is tightly secure if the advantage to
more » ... distinguish a tuple of injective keys from a tuple of lossy keys does not degrade in the number of function keys. Then, we show that tightly secure LTFs can be used to construct public-key encryption schemes with tight CPA security in a multiuser, multichallenge setting, and with tight CCA security in a multiuser, one-challenge setting. Finally, we present a construction of tightly secure LTFs from the decisional Diffie-Hellman assumption.
doi:10.1155/2019/3636759 fatcat:dtms3uvuo5fj3mypbusmq6lm3i