Oral Health Conditions and Challenges to Dental Treatment in Patients with Cerebral Palsy in Odisha, India

Bhuyan Ruchi, Das Sakti Prasad, Bhuyan Sidhant, Kar Dattatreya, Kuanar Ananya, Nayak Gaytree, Sahu Akankhsya, Bhuyan Sanat Kumar
2021 International Journal of Current Research and Review  
The prevalence of dental disease, the types and quality of dental care, and the provision of services were assessed for 100 cerebral palsy children in a special hospital for cp patients. Aim: To access the challenges during dental procedures and awareness and knowledge of parents towards dental treatment. Objective: To perform a descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample determined by spontaneous demand for treatment consisting of 100 patients with CP aged 6-12 years. Results: 75% of
more » ... en suffered from type I-III level of CP and 25% from type IV-V level in our study. The oral health index (OHI) of CP children was poor (65 %), only 7 % had good OHI while 28% had moderate OHI. 57% of CP children had grade II gingival hyperplasia,25% had grade III and a minimum of 18% had grade I gingival hyperplasia.81% of children had malocclusion while tongue thrusting was experienced by 79% of children.69% of children crowding was observed.61% and 39% had an open bite and deep bite. The mean number of Dental treatments performed on CP children was 14.2 teeth which include extraction of permanent teeth (11.1%), extraction of primary teeth (37%), filling (35%), fluoridation (6%), a pulpotomy (4%), sealants of primary teeth (6%) and space maintainers (1%). Conclusion: CP child requires special attention and care during dental treatment and knowledge, awareness and perception of parents also should be good towards dental treatment. It is a challenge to dental practitioners also for the management of these children.
doi:10.31782/ijcrr.2021.sp248 fatcat:ubmarqqe3va2vmxauwdqr2bqiu