Testing the process dependence of the Sivers function via hadron distributions inside a jet

Umberto D'Alesio, Leonard Gamberg, Zhong-Bo Kang, Francesco Murgia, Cristian Pisano
2011 Physics Letters B  
We study the process dependence of the Sivers function by considering the impact of color-gauge invariant initial and final state interactions on transverse spin asymmetries in proton-proton reactions within the framework of the transverse momentum dependent (TMD), generalized parton model. To this aim, we consider the azimuthal distribution of leading pions inside a fragmenting jet as well as single inclusive jet asymmetry in polarized proton proton collisions. In contrast to single inclusive
more » ... ion production, in both cases we can isolate the Sivers contribution and thereby study its process dependence. The predictions for the Sivers asymmetry obtained with and without inclusion of color gauge factors are comparable in size but with opposite signs. We conclude that both processes represent unique opportunities to discriminate among the two approaches and test the universality properties of the Sivers function in hadronic reactions.
doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2011.09.067 fatcat:kra4ubvucjbmbbrvpoy6zbs3i4