One-Dimensional LiquidHe4: Dynamical Properties beyond Luttinger-Liquid Theory

G. Bertaina, M. Motta, M. Rossi, E. Vitali, D. E. Galli
2016 Physical Review Letters  
We compute the zero-temperature dynamical structure factor of one-dimensional liquid $^4$He by means of state-of-the-art Quantum Monte Carlo and analytic continuation techniques. By increasing the density, the dynamical structure factor reveals a transition from a highly compressible critical liquid to a quasi-solid regime. In the low-energy limit, the dynamical structure factor can be described by the quantum hydrodynamic Luttinger liquid theory, with a Luttinger parameter spanning all
more » ... panning all possible values by increasing the density. At higher energies, our approach provides quantitative results beyond the Luttinger liquid theory. In particular, as the density increases, the interplay between dimensionality and interaction makes the dynamical structure factor manifest a pseudo {\it{particle-hole}} continuum typical of fermionic systems. At the low-energy boundary of such region and moderate densities, we find consistency, within statistical uncertainties, with predictions of a power-law structure by the recently-developed non-linear Luttinger liquid theory. In the quasi-solid regime we observe a novel behavior at intermediate momenta, which can be described by new analytical relations that we derive for the hard-rods model.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.116.135302 pmid:27081985 fatcat:ztporfxcnbdlzmdzufx6mkwvmi