Theoretical and practical investigation into the use of a bio-inspired "click" mechanism for the flight motor of a micro air vehicle

Bin Tang, Xia Meng, Fuliang Zhang, Michael J Brennan, Gih-Keong Lau, Zheng Wang, Liyan Feng
2017 International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles  
Recently, flapping wing micro air vehicles have received great attention with the drive to make smaller and smaller devices. This paper describes a theoretical investigation and subsequent practical implementation of a specific type of flight motor structure for this type of micro air vehicle that uses a "click" mechanism to improve mechanical efficiency. Diptera, which may use the mechanism, are the inspiration for this work. It builds on previous research into the "click" mechanism, which has
more » ... been studied both from the biological and engineering points of view. It is difficult to capture the important fine details using a simple analytical model; hence, a multi-body dynamic software is used to model the device and to aid the design of a large-scale prototype. Force-deflection curves of the structure and the displacement response are obtained numerically and experimentally. The experimental and numerical results compare reasonably well, enabling the model to be used for further development and potential miniaturization of the flight motor structure. In a practical device, asymmetry occurs in the up-and down-stroke. The effects of this asymmetry are compared with previous results from analytical models. It is found that asymmetry offers a marginal improvement.
doi:10.1177/1756829317695562 fatcat:3nsjeui3cbhsnoxmbux6sg5bxe