ALTERNATIVE DEVELOPMENT FROM FORDISM TO NICHISM FOR ASIAN AGRICULTURE IN GLOBALIZING ERA
Journal of Asian Rural Studies
The 21st Century has become a more globalized society which is directly associated with very quick development of high technology in the field of information science. Any country has to face the problem to develop itself under this international environment. Especially agriculture is the most difficult industry to adjust this change because of its peculiarity which is directly determined by the natural and social environment within the country. This paper deals with a basic strategy for
... trategy for agricultural development in the globalizing economy, based on its socioeconomic characteristics. The paper argued that the relationship between industries and economic globalization is directly determined by the combinations of mobility of inputs (resources) and mobility of outputs (products). Most of industries have a significant positive correlation between these mobility but agriculture is placed in a peculiar position: land, which is the most important and basic input for agricultural production, has no mobility and can be supplied only locally, while its outputs, farm products or food, are traded commodities with a relatively high degree of mobility and are demanded globally across national boundaries. For this reason, agriculture is the industry for which it is most difficult to cope with globalization. This paper clarifies the peculiarity of agriculture by socioeconomic approach to get a sustainable development in globalizing economy.