Theory of the valley-density wave and hidden order in iron pnictides

Jian Kang, Zlatko Tešanović
2011 Physical Review B  
In the limit of perfect nesting, the physics of iron-pnictides is governed by the density wave formation at the zone-edge vector M. At high energies, various spin- (SDW), charge- (CDW), orbital/pocket- (PDW) density waves, and their linear combinations, all appear equally likely, unified within the unitary order parameter of U(4)XU(4) symmetry. Nesting imperfections and low-energy interactions reduce this symmetry to that of real materials. Nevertheless, the generic ground state preserves a
more » ... ate preserves a distinct signature of its highly symmetric origins: a SDW along one axis of the iron lattice is predicted to coexist with a perpendicular PDW, accompanied by weak charge currents. This "hidden" order induces the structural transition in our theory, naturally insures T_s >= T_N, and leads to orbital ferromagnetism and other observable consequences.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.83.020505 fatcat:dwstutqq3zhvzpuxshfstrmsiy