A Study on the Quality Improvement of Bread Using the Whole Waxy Sorghum Flours Prepared with Different Milling Methods
분쇄방법을 달리한 통곡 찰수수가루를 이용한 수수빵의 제조 및 품질 개선

Bog-Mi Ryu, Chang-Soon Kim
2014 Korean Journal of Food and Cookery Science  
This study was conducted in order to investigate the properties of bread making and quality improvement when wheat flour is replaced with whole waxy sorghum flour. Sorghum flour, which was prepared with two types of milling methods of pin mill and ultra fine pulverization, was used at different levels ranging from 10, 20 and 30%, respectively. The pasting properties of peak viscosity, setback viscosity and pasting temperature of the composite flour containing pin-milled sorghum flour were
more » ... than those of ultra fine pulverized sorghum flour. The volumes of sorghum bread were lower than that of wheat bread; moreover, they gradually decreased with increasing amounts of sorghum flour, which has inferior dough properties and therefore collapses in the oven. The use of vital gluten (12% based on sorghum flour weight) and emulsifier (SSL; sodium stearoyl lactylate) increased the extensibility and resistance to the extension of the dough, thereby improving its rheological properties. Thus, the oven spring of bread containing sorghum was improved, demonstrating as loaf volume increase up to 15%. However, in the case of breads containing 30% sorghum flour, the loaf volumes were still unacceptably low. Therefore, the formula and the bread making process were further modified as follows: An increase of vital gluten (12%→18%) and shortening (3%→6%), a decrease of mixing time and dough fermentation temperature, and the addition of sorghum flour after gluten development during mixing. The above modifications resulted in the improvement of sorghum bread quality. Therefore, we suggest that pin-milled sorghum flour is more appropriate than ultra fine pulverized sorghum flour for making bread.
doi:10.9724/kfcs.2014.30.3.262 fatcat:7bcao7u7ajf3roriav52irkeqi