High fidelity equation of state for xenon

J.H. Carpenter, D.G. Flicker, S. Root, R.J. Magyar, D.L. Hanson, T.R. Mattsson
2010 EPJ Web of Conferences  
The noble gas xenon is a particularly interesting element. At standard pressure xenon is an fcc solid which melts at 161 K and then boils at 165 K, thus displaying a rather narrow liquid range on the phase diagram. On the other hand, under pressure the melting point is significantly higher: 3000 K at 30 GPa [1] . Under shock compression, electronic excitations become important at 40 GPa [2] . Finally, xenon forms stable molecules with fluorine (XeF 2 ) suggesting that the electronic structure
more » ... ctronic structure is significantly more complex than expected for a noble gas. With these reasons in mind, we studied the xenon Hugoniot using DFT/QMD [3] and validated the simulations with multi-Mbar shock compression experiments. The results show that existing equation of state models lack fidelity and so we developed a wide-range free-energy based equation of state using experimental data and results from first-principles simulations. a
doi:10.1051/epjconf/20101000018 fatcat:4ik4gej4c5ev3cpnobkgno32au