Studies on the environmental implications of ants (Hymenoptera: formicidae) associated with two synanthropic environments in Awka, Nigeria
Animal Research International
A study of ants associated w h two synanthrop c environments in Awka was carried out in 2008 using pitfall and bait traps. The study y elded a total of 561 ants w th 409 obta ned from the hemisynanthrophic environment while 192 ants were collected from the endophilic environment. The percentage occurrence, total d stribution and average numbers o trapped ind vidual species o Paratrechina, Acantholepis, Pheidole and Camponotus in the hemisynanthrophic environment are (16.9%, 2,6), (35.3%, 150,
... .5), (40.1%, 170, 14.2) and (7.6%, 23, 2 7) respect vely. The percentage occurrence, total ant distribution and average number of trapped species o Acantholepis and Pheidole sp. using honey as bait are (47.19%, 49, 2.3) and (52.9% 55, 13.8) respectively whereas Paratrechina, Acantholep s and Pheido e sp. shows (43.8%, 21.5, 3), (31.40%, 15 3.8) and (25%, 12, 3) respect vely when sugar was used as bai . The study further reveals different dispersion patterns and degree of variability between species in the hemisynanthrophic environment. Pheidole sp. and Acantho epis were also trapped in high numbers. The paucity in the collec ion of Paratrechina and Camponotus is possibly suggestive that these species are not attracted to honey baits. The attraction of more Paratrechina species to sugar bait indicated that these species are sugar loving ants.