Recent Achievements in the Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates from Olefins and CO2: The Rational Design of the Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalytic System

Ting Yan, Zixian Wang, Li Guo, Ran Zhang, Haijuan Zhan, Jialing Chen, Xiaoqin Wu
2022 Catalysts  
With the consumption of fossil fuels, the level of CO2 in the atmosphere is growing rapidly, which leads to global warming. Hence, the chemical conversion of CO2 into high value-added products is one of the most important approaches to reducing CO2 emissions. Due to being simple, inexpensive and environmentally friendly, the direct synthesis of cyclic carbonates from olefins and CO2 is a promising project for industrial application. In this review, we discuss the design of the homogeneous and
more » ... terogeneous catalytic system for the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from the reaction of olefins and CO2. Usually, the catalyst contains the epoxidation active site and the cycloaddition active site, which could achieve the oxidation of oleifins and the CO2-insert, respectively. This review will provide a comprehensive overview of the direct synthesis of cyclic carbonates from olefins and CO2 catalyzed by homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. The focus mainly lies on the rational fabrication of multifunctional catalysts, and provides a new perspective for the design of catalysts.
doi:10.3390/catal12050563 fatcat:2od753n52vgk7oxe5towhyjmim