Identification of the Natural Elements for Sustainable Development in the Urban Structure of Vietnam: The Case Study of Hue City
International Journal of Environmental Science and Development
During urban formation from 1802 to 1945, the mountain systems and natural waters were closely utilised in urban design of Hue City which was a relevant example of urban planning for sustainable development. Hue Citadel was built as an unusual combination of human and nature, the principles of Western military architecture meeting the ideology of Eastern philosophy and traditional architecture of Vietnam. The fortification model of Sé bastien Le Prestre de Vauban harmoniously united with local
... united with local natural elements to create the identity of the ecological system which was considered as an appropriate local technology for environmental self-regulating. In the last decades, Hue City has been experiencing main changes by the impacts of urbanization such as the increase in population, changing lifestyle, environmental pollution, flood, causing heavy variation of the characters of the traditional landscapes, and harming of the heritage. Most of the precedent designs and ideas tend to be ignored and broken down. Understanding and identification of characters of historical fabric, landscape value, and urban structure are very important to the preservation of a sustainable model which orients towards the Feng Shui methodology. Since 1993, the complex of Hue Monuments was inscribed on the List of World Heritage by UNESCO.