Links between S ‐adenosylmethionine and Agr‐based quorum sensing for biofilm development in Listeria monocytogenes EGD‐e

Yue‐Jia Lee, Chinling Wang
2020 MicrobiologyOpen  
Listeria monocytogenes is the causative agent of human listeriosis which has high hospitalization and mortality rates for individuals with weakened immune systems. The survival and dissemination of L. monocytogenes in adverse environments can be reinforced by the formation of biofilms. Therefore, this study aimed to understand the mechanisms underlying listerial biofilm development. Given that both nutrient availability and quorum sensing (QS) have been known as the factors influencing biofilm
more » ... evelopment, we hypothesized that the signal from a sentinel metabolite S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and Agr-based QS could be synchronous in L. monocytogenes to modulate nutrient availability, the synthesis of extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs), and biofilm formation. We performed biofilm assays and quantitative real-time PCR to investigate how biofilm volumes and the expression of genes for the synthesis of EPS were affected by SAM supplementation, agr deletion, or both. We found that exogenously applied SAM induced biofilm formation and that the expression of genes encoding the EPS synthesis machineries was regulated by SAM and/or Agr QS. Moreover, the gene transcription of components acting in the methyl cycle for SAM synthesis and Agr QS was affected by the signals from the other system. In summary, we reveal an interconnection at the transcriptional level between metabolism and QS in L. monocytogenes and highlight the critical role of metabolite-oriented QS in biofilm development.
doi:10.1002/mbo3.1015 pmid:32134563 fatcat:izlw53asefco7nfpgcybn4b5ku