Permissioned Blockchain Through the Looking Glass: Architectural and Implementation Lessons Learned [article]

Suyash Gupta, Sajjad Rahnama, Mohammad Sadoghi
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Since the inception of Bitcoin, the distributed systems community has shown interest in the design of efficient blockchain systems. However, initial blockchain applications (like Bitcoin) attain very low throughput, which has promoted the design of permissioned blockchain systems. These permissioned blockchain systems employ classical Byzantine-Fault Tolerant (BFT) protocols to reach consensus. However, existing permissioned blockchain systems still attain low throughputs (of the order 10K
more » ... s). As a result, existing works blame this low throughput on the associated BFT protocol and expend resources in developing optimized protocols. We believe such blames only depict a one-sided story. In specific, we raise a simple question: can a well-crafted system based on a classical BFT protocol outperform a modern protocol? We show that designing such a well-crafted system is possible and illustrate that even if such a system employs a three-phase protocol, it can outperform another system utilizing a single-phase protocol. This endeavor requires us to dissect a permissioned blockchain system and highlight different factors that affect its performance. Based on our insights, we present the design of our enterprise-grade, high-throughput yielding permissioned blockchain system, ResilientDB, that employs multi-threaded deep pipelines, to balance tasks at a replica, and provides guidelines for future designs.
arXiv:1911.09208v2 fatcat:7boer3e5ozfp7gskgtggkxuotq