Rebirth, Reform and Resilience: Universities in Transition 1300-1700

James V. Mehl, James M. Kittelson, Pamela J. Transue
1985 The Sixteenth Century Journal  
In his Introduction to this collection of original essays, Professor Kittelson notes that the university is one of the few institutions that medieval Latin Christendom contributed directly to modern Western civilization. An export wherever else it is found, it is unique to Western culture. All cultures, to be sure, have had their intellec tuals-those men and women whose task it has been to learn, to know, and to teach. But only in Latin Christendom were scholars-the company of masters and
more » ... ts-found gathered together into the universitas whose entire purpose was to develop and disseminate knowledge in a continu ous and systematic fashion with little regard for the consequences of their activities. The studies in this volume treat the history of the universities from the late Middle Ages through the Reformation; that is, from the time of their secure founding, through the period in which they were posed the challenges of humanism and con fessionalism, but before the explosion of knowl edge that marked the emergence of modern science and the advent of the Enlightenment.
doi:10.2307/2541266 fatcat:ls4gfvm4srdadnijldpibc7eei