Hydrogeochemistry of high-fluoride saline groundwater in the Yuncheng Basin, northern China

Chengcheng Li, Xubo Gao, Yanxin Wang, Ken Howard, O. Chudaev, Y. Kharaka, R. Harmon, R. Millot, O. Shouakar-Stash
2019 E3S Web of Conferences  
The presence of saline groundwater has become one of the most acute problems for water resource management worldwide, since it causes deterioration in water quality and endangers future exploitation of groundwater resources. In addition, high levels of groundwater salinity are often associated with an increase in the concentrations of fluoride (F). Diverse mechanisms govern salts and fluoride enrichment in groundwater. In this case, saline groundwater with elevated fluoride (up to 14.1 mg/L) in
more » ... the Yuncheng Basin (YB) was investigated. The research shows: (i) large-scale contamination of F in groundwater is closely associated with groundwater salinization processes in the area; (ii) groundwater with high F concentrations has distinctive major ion chemistry: Na-rich and Ca-poor with a high pH and HCO3- content. The major ion chemistry and pH are controlled by mineral dissolution, cation exchange, and evaporation in the aquifer systems which are also important for F mobilization.
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20199801031 fatcat:5ieuw4vpofc67pshdrqylnk53y