GEOINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AS A MECHANISM FOR ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS TO PUBLIC HEALTH IN THE CONDITIONS OF TECHNOGENIC AIR POLLUTION IN CITIES

S.A. Yeprintsev, Voronezh State University
2020 ECOLOGY ECONOMY INFORMATICS GEOINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND SPACE MONITORING  
ic health requires processing large amounts of data from long-term research, which necessitates the use of modern geoinformation technologies. Geoinformation technologies are a mechanism for assessing environmental risks to public health in conditions of man-made air pollution in cities. The results obtained in the course of long-term monitoring studies are summarized in the GIS environment "Environmental and socio-economic conditions of cities in Central Russia". The collection of information
more » ... ion of information to characterize the functional and planning structure and landscape and environmental conditions for the model regions was carried out on the basis of special field research, processing of stock, including cartographic, material of regional integrated and sectoral environmental agencies. Currently, Russia and the world have different approaches to assessing the environmental risk for the population living in industrial cities. In Russia, the methodology of the center for hygiene is most widely used. Erisman, as well as the methodology for assessing environmental risk developed by Professor V. Prevalence. Of studies environmental and social conditions in the city of Voronezh, conducted by researchers of Voronezh state University under the direction of Professor S.A. Kurolap collected in electronic health-environmental GIS-Atlas of the city of Voronezh. The Atlas contains maps showing the state of the environment, public health, and environmental risks in various parts of the city of Voronezh. Currently, various researchers have proposed a number of methodologies for geoinformation assessment of environmental safety of the population of large cities. At the same time, there is no unified approach to assessing environmental comfort that covers its various components, which makes it advisable to develop an integrated methodology based on the data available to us.
doi:10.23885/2500-123x-2020-2-5-9-15 fatcat:ltci3fj2ananbdbjpr7wdzyi3a