Purification and biochemical characterization of SELB, a translation factor involved in selenoprotein synthesis

K Forchhammer, K P Rücknagel, A Böck
1990 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The product of the selB gene from Escherichia coli is required for co-translational insertion of selenocysteine into protein. To make the SELB protein accessible to biochemical analysis, the protein was purified from cells that overexpressed the selB gene from a phage T7 promoter plasmid. It was calculated that the overproduced SELB protein was purified 20-fold. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified protein was determined, and it confirmed that the initiation codon of selB mRNA
more » ... slation overlaps the stop codon of the preceding selA gene by 4 bases. Structural similarity between SELB and elongation factors was demonstrated by limited proteolysis of SELB by trypsin. The cleavage sites within SELB were identified by N-terminal sequencing of the two proteolytic products. The position in the SELB protein of the major cleavage site was homologous to a tryptic cleavage site which is characteristic for elongation factors. Immunological analysis showed that the levels of SELB are equivalent in aerobically and anaerobically grown cells; the amount of the protein was estimated to be approximately 1100 copies/E. coli cell. Upon fractionation of cell extracts, SELB was found to be partially associated with the ribosomes. The results therefore indicate that SELB is the first known elongation factor-like protein that has specificity for a particular charged tRNA.
pmid:2140572 fatcat:6bin22ep6zfxxmzshvrqitisse