Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy

Mats Andersson, Linda Persson, Tomas Svensson, Sune Svanberg
2007 Review of Scientific Instruments  
Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy We present a flexible and compact, digital, lock-in detection system and its use in high-resolution tunable diode laser spectroscopy. The system involves coherent sampling, and is based on the synchronization of two data acquisition cards running on a single standard computer. A software-controlled arbitrary waveform generator is used for laser modulation, and a four-channel
more » ... a four-channel analog/digital board records detector signals. Gas spectroscopy is performed in the wavelength modulation regime. The coherently detected signal is averaged a selected number of times before it is stored or analyzed by software-based, lock-in techniques. Multiple harmonics of the modulation signal ͑1f, 2f, 3f, 4f, etc.͒ are available in each single data set. The sensitivity is of the order of 10 −5 , being limited by interference fringes in the measurement setup. The capabilities of the system are demonstrated by measurements of molecular oxygen in ambient air, as well as dispersed gas in scattering materials, such as plants and human tissue.
doi:10.1063/1.2813346 pmid:18052465 fatcat:mn6jjubpnzcb3inq4mfq2tqiim