Zoonotic spillover and emerging viral diseases – time to intensify zoonoses surveillance in Brazil
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
braz j infect dis 2 0 1 8;2 2(1):76-78 w w w . e l s e v i e r . c o m / l o c a t e / b j i d The Brazilian Journal of INFECTIOUS DISEASES Letter to the Editor Zoonotic spillover and emerging viral diseases -time to intensify zoonoses surveillance in Brazil Dear Editor: Are we prepared to face newly emerging viral diseases? This question is as recurrent as the emergence of new viruses and the reemergence of neglected infectious diseases. Of note, Central and South America are considered world
... e considered world hotspots for the emergence of new mammalian viral zoonoses. 1 Due to the size of its territory, Brazil lies at the center of these hotspots. An assessment of viral diversity across mammalian orders has identified bats as the main reservoir of new viruses in Brazil. 1 As one of the world's most biodiverse countries, Brazil harbors a large diversity of bat species, as well as a number of species that might act as hosts of as yet unknown pathogens. In this context, the arrival of exogenous viruses and their adaptation to our diverse environmental and socio-ecological conditions should also be taken into consideration. The yellow fever outbreak this year and the recent spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) from Brazil to other American countries 2 are poignant examples of the failure of our country's strategies for monitoring and controlling outbreaks and epidemics.