Enumeration of Ring–Chain Tautomers Based on SMIRKS Rules

Laura Guasch, Markus Sitzmann, Marc C. Nicklaus
2014 Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling  
A compound exhibits (prototropic) tautomerism if it can be represented by two or more structures that are related by a formal intramolecular movement of a hydrogen atom from one heavy atom position to another. When the movement of the proton is accompanied by the opening or closing of a ring it is called ring−chain tautomerism. This type of tautomerism is well observed in carbohydrates, but it also occurs in other molecules such as warfarin. In this work, we present an approach that allows for
more » ... he generation of all ring−chain tautomers of a given chemical structure. Based on Baldwin's Rules estimating the likelihood of ring closure reactions to occur, we have defined a set of transform rules covering the majority of ring−chain tautomerism cases. The rules automatically detect substructures in a given compound that can undergo a ring− chain tautomeric transformation. Each transformation is encoded in SMIRKS line notation. All work was implemented in the chemoinformatics toolkit CACTVS. We report on the application of our ring−chain tautomerism rules to a large database of commercially available screening samples in order to identify ring−chain tautomers. Figure 1. General isomerization scheme for ring−chain tautomers. (Top) Exocyclic ring closure. (Bottom) Endocyclic ring closure. Article pubs.acs.org/jcim
doi:10.1021/ci500363p pmid:25158156 pmcid:PMC4170818 fatcat:rsc7myzopjch3hojiav7yv5p4i