New insights in the biology of Hodgkin lymphoma
Hematology ASH Education Program
The Hodgkin and Reed/Sternberg (HRS) tumor cells of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and the lymphocyte-predominant tumor cells of nodular lymphocyte-predominant HL are both derived from germinal center B cells. HRS cells, however, have largely lost their B-cell gene-expression program and coexpress genes typical of various types of hematopoietic cells. Multiple signaling pathways show a deregulated activity in HRS cells. The genetic lesions involved in the pathogenesis of HL are only partly
... are only partly known, but numerous members and regulators of the NF-κB and JAK/STAT signaling pathways are affected, suggesting an important role for these pathways in HL pathogenesis. Some genetic lesions involve epigenetic regulators, and there is emerging evidence that HRS cells have undergone extensive epigenetic alterations compared with normal B cells. HRS and lymphocyte-predominant cells are usually rare in the lymphoma tissue, and interactions with other cells in the microenvironment are likely critical for HL pathophysiology. T cells represent a main population of infiltrating cells, and it appears that HRS cells both inhibit cytotoxic T cells efficiently and also receive survival signals from Th cells in direct contact with them.