Halogen Bonds in LigandProtein Systems: Molecular Orbital Theory for Drug Design [component]

Halogen bonds are highly important in medicinal chemistry as halogenation of drugs, generally, improves both selectivity and efficacy toward protein active sites. However, accurate modeling of halogen bond interactions remains a challenge, since a thorough theoretical investigation of the bonding mechanism, focusing on the realistic complexity of drug−receptor systems, is lacking. Our systematic quantum-chemical study on ligand/peptide-like systems reveals that halogen bonding is driven by the
more » ... ame bonding interactions as hydrogen bonding. Besides the electrostatic and the dispersion interactions, our bonding analyses, based on quantitative Kohn− Sham molecular orbital theory together with energy decomposition analysis, reveal that donor− acceptor interactions and steric repulsion between the occupied orbitals of the halogenated ligand and the protein need to be considered more carefully within the drug design process.
doi:10.1021/acs.jcim.9b00946.s001 fatcat:46qqfbl5ljfs3mpzghbegpjpom