Evaluation of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes under Pre-and Post-anthesis Drought Stress Conditions

A Sanjari Pireivatlou, A Yazdansepas
2008 J. Agric. Sci. Technol   unpublished
The responses of yield and yield components of 24 advanced bread wheat genotypes to pre-and post-anthesis drought stress conditions were studied at Ardabil Agricultural Research Station during the 1997-2000 cropping seasons. Results showed that genotypes produced signif icantly lower spikes No./m 2 , seeds No./spike and grain yield under pre-than in post-anthesis drought stress conditions. However, an average of 1,000 kernel weight of genotypes under pre-anthesis was higher than under
more » ... and post-anthesis drought stress conditions. Selection based on TOL and SSI identified the drought tolerant genotypes with low grain yield. However, selection based on MP, G MP and STI identif ied drought tolerant genotypes with a high yield. G enotypes No. 13, 14 and 21 were determined as desirable genotypes based on their high grain yield under non-stress, pre-anthesis and post-anthesis drought stress conditions. The interaction eff ect of genotype x year was signif icant f or membrane stability and membrane damage, however, the interaction eff ect of genotypes× stages of measurement (booting and heading) were not signif i-cant. On the basis of these results, genotypes No. 13, 14 and 21 with low membrane damage were also identified as drought tolerant genotypes. It can be concluded that the laboratory test can be an usef ul tool in a breeding program f or improving drought tolerance in wheat.